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Hydrogen economy

Hyundai Mobis to invest $1.1 bn to make hydrogen fuel cells

The investment puts Mobis at the core of the group, responsible for operating the overall hydrogen supply chain

By Aug 20, 2021 (Gmt+09:00)

The key components of Hyundai Mobis’ fuel cell system.
The key components of Hyundai Mobis’ fuel cell system.

Hyundai Motor Group’s long-term ambition to create a full-fledged hydrogen value chain, from fuel cell production to hydrogen-powered logistics and mobility services, has become more tangible with its auto parts maker Hyundai Mobis Co. at the core.

Hyundai Mobis reported on Aug. 20 that its board members have approved investing 1.32 trillion won ($1.11 billion) to expand hydrogen fuel cell production facilities in the cities of Incheon and Ulsan. The approved amount marks the single largest investment made by the Hyundai Motor Group in the hydrogen sector.

Hyundai Mobis’ Incheon plant will make hydrogen fuel cell stacks, containing up to several hundred fuel cells, which will be made into fuel cell systems at the Ulsan plant. These fuel cell systems will be supplied to Hyundai Motor Co. to be equipped on its fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) Nexo as well as XCIENT hydrogen fuel cell trucks.

Hyundai Mobis said that the new funds will significantly ramp up its hydrogen fuel cell production capacity, currently enough for supplying to about 6,000 vehicles per year.  

Hyundai Motor Group’s strategic plan by 2030 is to invest a total of 7.6 trillion won ($6.4 billion) in the hydrogen business to be able to secure annual production capacity of 500,000 hydrogen vehicles. The group’s auto unit Hyundai Motor sold a total of 16,767 Nexo vehicles to date and plans to export 1,600 XCIENT trucks by 2025.


Experts note that the trillion-won investment puts Hyundai Mobis at the key position responsible for the overall operation of the group’s hydrogen fuel cell supply chain. In other words, Hyundai Mobis’ cost efficiency, production capacity and technical capabilities in manufacturing hydrogen fuel cells will directly impact the cost structure as well as the mileage performance of Hyundai Motor’s hydrogen vehicles.

Hydrogen fuel cell stacks, which generate power for the vehicles to run, take up to 40% of the manufacturing cost of hydrogen FCEVs.

Hydrogen fuel cell systems are increasingly used by sectors outside the automobile industry.
Hydrogen fuel cell systems are increasingly used by sectors outside the automobile industry.

Hyundai Motor Group highlighted that the global demand for hydrogen fuel cell systems is projected to grow sharply, as the fuel cells are increasingly used by ships, drones, trains as well as office and residential buildings. The management consulting firm McKinsey & Co. projected that the annual global demand for hydrogen fuel cells will grow to 5.5-6.5 million units by 2030.

“With this investment, we will expand the group’s hydrogen ecosystem by setting up a more efficient supply network of fuel cell systems,” said a Hyundai Motor Group official.

Write to Hyung-kyu Kim at

Daniel Cho edited this article.
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